Ditulis pada tanggal 10 December 2014, oleh admin, pada kategori Health Article

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Cayenne pepper consumption in Indonesia is 939.1 grams per capita per day, or almost 1 kg per person per day. This shows that the average Indonesian people like spicy food. Every meal, processed chili such as chili sauce, is a must have additional item to their menu. Lately, restaurants that offer extra spicy menus becoming a trend and never empty of customer.

Our taste bud divided into four areas that are sensitive to different taste: sweet, bitter, salty and sour. Spicy taste itself does not really have its own proportions in our sense of taste. Spicy sensation comes from a chemical called capsaicin. Capsaicin is a natural ingredient found in capsicum plant family. commonly used capsicum family is cayenne pepper, large chili (lombok), peppers, and others. The highest content of capsaicin contained in the seeds that stick to the inside of the fruit. The level is different depending on the varieties of plants

Someone who really likes to eat spicy food to feel more satisfied if the food were given a lot of chili. This feeling is actually due to the reaction of pain receptors in the tongue due to capsaicin. The College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell University explains that this reaction is driving the release of endorphins that cause a sensation happy as the person exercising. This feeling may also play a role in natural painkillers, if you suffer from pain in the body.

Capsaicin will cause an effect called thermogenic: an effects of convertion of spared energy of the cells of the body into heat energy. The mechanism that causes us to sweat, elevated heart rate and sometimes runny nose. This occurs because the increase of the body’s metabolism by hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine. Based on research by Toshio Moritani, PhD, an additional 3 mg capsaicin in women only helps burn extra energy as much as 10-20 calories. The content of capsaicin in the capsicum family plants ranged from 0.2 to 13 mg only 100 grams. So it can be concluded that the additional energy that is burned is actually quite low.

One source of spicy flavor that we often use is cayenne pepper. Actually, add some chili seeds in food for example, will not increase the total amount of energy in your diet drastically. Actually, by adding 1-2 tablespoons of cayenne pepper, your daily vitamin A requirement has been met, as well as one-fifth of the daily vitamin C requirement. In addition, Potassium intake will also equivalent to 2 pieces of bananas.

It is not impossible that spicy food  actually increase your energy intake. An animal studies indicate a trend of sweet drinks was higher in the group of experimental animals fed by capsaicin. This is presumably due to the reduced ability of sensory sweetness in the experimental animals. Sweet drinks with high sugar content is more effective in relieving the burning effect of spicy food but energy intake also increase in this situation. This will thwart your efforts in increasing the energy of combustion. So, use water that does not contribute energy to relievethe burning effect.

For those who are not accustomed to spicy flavor, according to some studies, extra spicy flavor can suppress ghrelin hormone that causes appetite. Another study compared between groups of users and non-users, suggesting that non-user group has reduced energy intake and appetite but not on the user group. This suggests that the effect is reduced in people who are used to eat spicy food. That is why the people who like spicy, amount of food is not reduced because of spicy, maybe even actually increased. Then to what dose of spicy can help us lose appetite? That question is still under study, because digestive tolerance of every people is different.

Most people are fine despite eating a lot of chili, and some are experiencing the effects due to the lack of tolerance such as obstruction, hot stomach, diarrhea and gastritis recurrence. Myths is a spicy meal can cause irritation of the stomach and intestines. Research shows that, although irritate the stomach and intestines, spicy food is not the cause. The development of this disease is never directly correlated with spicy food.

Success or failure of your diet program is actually more dependent on diet and exercise settings accordingly. If you like spicy food, enjoy it you dont have to torture yourself because doing so will not shrink the size of your clothes or increase your weight dramatically. The effect is small, but if it can be easily added, even be a nice change to a healthy diet, combined with other small and easy changes, together they will save your energy intake (ACIP).

Writer : Anindita C.I.P., S.Gz., Dietisien
Editor : Aulia Riska Iastika, S.Gz